New publication: collective bargaining systems in Europe

27.04.21

New publication: collective bargaining systems in Europe

Within Europe, free collective bargaining is a cornerstone of democratic societies. It enables employers and trade unions, as autonomous bargaining parties, to freely determine the terms and conditions of the employment relationship. By ensuring minimum standards of pay, working time and other working conditions, in particular for those with weak individual negotiating power, collective bargaining has a protective function for workers. It also has an important distributive function by securing workers a fair share of economic growth. For employers, collective bargaining has a key conflict management function by providing a structured process for resolving diverging interests.

Over time, a great variety of collective bargaining systems been developed across different European countries, depending on the different political and economic conditions, national traditions, customs and practices. Today no two national collective bargaining systems are alike. Despite this great variety, it is possible to identify five geographical clusters of collective bargaining models which share some key institutional characteristics. The table below provides a broad overview of the five models.

With the caveat in mind that the real world is always more complex than ideal-type models and that assigning one country to any classification is an approximation at best, the objective of the remainder of this document is to map the collective bargaining landscape of Europe. Appropriate key features will be explained by drawing on specific country examples. The key focus will be on the institutional characteristics of the bargaining systems rather than on bargaining outcomes, such as wages, working time or other terms and conditions.

Meetings & Events

2024

03

Jun

UNI Europa ICTS Sectoral Social Dialogue Committee for Telecoms – 03/06/2024

ICT & Related Services

To the Members of the UNI Europa delegation in the Telecom Social Dialogue Committee

Dear colleagues,

We would like to invite you to the next Sectoral Social Dialogue Committee Meeting for Telecommunications which will take place on the 03rd of June 2024.

PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS MEETING WILL BE HELD EXCLUSIVELY ONLINE

04

Jun

Commerce Steering Committee

Commerce

04

Jun

Protected: Uni Europa Commerce Steering Committee meeting – 4 June 2024

Commerce