Recent social media campaigns like #Metoo and #Timesup have highlighted gender-based violence at work and shown the extent of the problem. Trade unions need to take action on violence against women and advocate for a binding international law on gender-based violence.
Violence and harassment against women is widespread
According to the World Health Organization 35 per cent of women globally – 818 million women – over the age of 15 have experienced sexual or physical violence at home, in their communities, or in the workplace. Unions need to keep raising awareness that violence against women is real, and it is happening everywhere.
Violence against women is a violation of human rights
According to the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, “Violence against women” is “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.” This Declaration recognizes that violence against women violates women’s rights and fundamental freedoms, while the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action recognizes that the elimination of violence against women in public and private life is a human rights obligation.
Violence against women is an obstacle to gender equality at work
Women are less likely to enter the labour market then men. Sexual violence and harassment remains a barrier for women to enter and evolve in the labour market, or to perform certain jobs. At the same time, the continued segregation of women in precarious, low paid and low status jobs and positions, contributes to increase the risks for these women workers.
Trade unions have a fundamental role in preventing and eliminating violence against women in the workplace
The ILO Bureau for Workers’ Activities’ report on violence against men and women in the world of work shows that there is a strong connection between access to decent work, non-discrimination and being protected by a trade union in preventing violence against women and men at work. Unions play a key role in raising awareness about sexual harassment among their members, negotiating policies and agreements that establish procedures for making and processing complaints, as well as preventing sexual harassment.
We need an ILO convention on Gender Based Violence
There is still no law at the international level that sets a baseline for taking action to eradicate violence and harassment, including gender-based violence and harassment, in the world of work. There is a need for a comprehensive ILO Convention, supplemented by a Recommendation, with a strong focus on preventing, addressing and remedying gender-based violence at work.
UNI Europa is calling on all affiliates to mobilise and show unions’ determination to achieve gender equality, and say no to violence against women.
Read our full report below:
UNI Global Union’s further work on gender equality can be seen here.